Non-Opioid Drug Relieves Pain in Mice, Targets Immune Cells

Newswise imageResearchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that inhibiting a receptor on immune cells called macrophages may help relieve pain in some patients, particularly those with chronic neuropathic pain, such as those with conditions like diabetic neuropathy.

from Newswise Feature Channel: Addiction http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/697042/?sc=c125

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People with Alcohol Problems Tend to Wrongly Identify Emotional Faces as Hostile

The ability to recognize emotion in others’ facial expressions is an important social skill for interpersonal relationships, work interactions, and family life. Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are linked to a number of deficits in reasoning and emotional functions, including difficulty in identifying emotional facial expressions. This study examined the emotion-recognition abilities of individuals with an AUD and whether the expected deficits were associated with drinking or anxious and depressive symptoms.

from Newswise Feature Channel: Addiction http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/696905/?sc=c125

Twenty Years Later: Revisiting Individuals Previously Diagnosed with Alcohol Use Disorders

Alcohol-related problems often begin in the late teens to early twenties, then decrease as drinkers grow older. However, recent reports indicate greater-than-expected problematic drinking by older populations. There are limited ways to predict which older individuals may develop alcohol-related problems, including those with earlier-onset alcohol use disorders (AUDs). This analysis evaluated predictors of alcohol outcomes among individuals who earlier reported AUDs while participating in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA).

from Newswise Feature Channel: Addiction http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/696904/?sc=c125

Stem Cell Transplant Drug May Protect against Smoke-related COPD Symptoms

A drug used in stem cell therapy to treat certain cancers may also protect against cigarette smoke-induced lung injury. The study, published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology–Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, was chosen as an APSselect article for July.

from Newswise Feature Channel: Addiction http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/696958/?sc=c125

Creighton psychological science professor’s work with rats gives insight into treatment for human drug addiction

Through looking at individual difference models in laboratory rat populations, Creighton University psychological science professor Dustin Stairs, PhD, and his team of undergraduate researchers are making inroads into the neuroscience of addiction and the power of social settings to help overcome a drug habit.

from Newswise Feature Channel: Addiction http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/696977/?sc=c125