The use of opioids in management of cancer pain and palliative care is widely accepted. The use of opioids to treat chronic non-cancer pain is more controversial. Some of the consequences of long term opioid therapy are physical and psychological dependence, abuse, and addiction. The objective of the treatment of chronic pain is maintaining functionality and continued participation in society. The 2011 report from the Institute of Medicine revealed that 100 million Americans live with chronic pain.
from Newswise Feature Channel: Addiction http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/677504/?sc=c125